Posts etiquetados ‘history’

Una pequeña ciudad del estado de Sonora de no más de 30,000 habitantes, pero con una gran historia(cuna de la revolucion mexicana).

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Impulsa Ayuntamiento la premier del documental “Guerreros del Sol”

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Dentro del Programa de Desarrollo Cultural Municipal de Sonora etapa 2012-2013, el Ayuntamiento de Cajeme impulsó la premier mundial del documental “Guerreros del Sol: La verdadera historia de la Tribu Yaqui”.

Bajo la dirección de los hermanos Marcos y Mario Almada, este documental refleja la lucha emprendida por la Tribu Yaqui a lo largo de la historia por la defensa de su territorio y por lo que por decreto les corresponde, así como sus tradiciones y riqueza cultural.

“Gracias al impulso del Gobierno Municipal, Estatal y Federal, fue posible culminar esta producción que teníamos desde hace nueve años, la cual va a ser dirigida a canales mundiales como History y Discovey Channel”, expuso Marcos Almada.

El secretario de Desarrollo Social, Emeterio Ochoa Bazúa, destacó que este taller es sólo una pequeña muestra del interés y empuje que está dando la presente administración para promover la cultura en Cajeme.

“Es un orgullo que hayan hecho este documental y más orgullo aún porque en la región tenemos algo muy valioso, nuestra Etnia Yaqui, por lo que esperamos que este trabajo no sólo llegue a cajemenses, sonorenses y mexicanos, sino a todo el mundo”, subrayó.

Por su parte, el director de Cultura Municipal, Becker García Flores, destacó la importancia de dar a conocer a la comunidad el resultado de los apoyos del PDCMS, para motivar a creadores independientes e instituciones culturales a participar con propuestas relacionadas con la cultura.

Imágen y Referencia: www.uniradionoticias.com

Thanks to Arcano from Urbanfreak for you post.

Man tending to twenty-two inch pumps at the General Alvaro Obregon Ranch, Cajeme, Mexico, [s.d.]

Photograph of man tending to twenty-two inch pumps at the General Alvaro Obregon Ranch, Cajeme, Mexico, [s.d.]. A large array of metal piping fills the center of the image, connecting to an aparatus comprised of five wheel-shaped sections. A man in a cowboy hat stands to the right. Behind him, the framework of a building can be seen.

“General Alvaro Obregon Ranch Scenes”, Cajeme, Mexico, [s.d.]

Photograph of “General Alvaro Obregon Ranch Scenes”, Cajeme, Mexico, [s.d.]. A fence with short, thick wooden posts stands across the foreground with a small group of trees beyond it on the far right. A two-story building can be seen through the trees on the far right while a small, fenced plot stands at center. More structures stand throughout the ranch in the background including what appears to be a clock tower on the right. Electrical poles stand dispersed in the dirt roads of the ranch while rolling mountains paint the backdrop in the distance.

View of 2-180 H.P. Fairbanks Morse diesel engines at the General Alvaro Obregon Ranch, Cajeme, Mexico, [s.d.]

Photograph of a view of 2-180 H.P. Fairbanks Morse diesel engines at the General Alvaro Obregon Ranch, Cajeme, Mexico, [s.d.]. The interior of a room with corrugated walls is shown, pistons visible at left and primarily to the right, each addressed by a metal ladder that leads to their elevated platform. Windows can be seen in the background.

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Desembarco de marines en el Yaqui
Jesús Noriega
Domingo 21 de Marzo de 2010

Entre 1913 y 1914 los acontecimientos hostiles con Estados Unidos se encadenaron de tal manera que pondrían en riesgo la soberanía de México.

En agosto de 1913, nuevamente fracasaron las negociaciones de paz y los acontecimientos revolucionarios se precipitaron.

Al mismo tiempo creció la animadversión de los mexicanos contra Estados Unidos y sus ciudadanos que vivían en México.

Los Estados Unidos advirtieron a sus ciudadanos que abandonaran México, pero no todos siguieron el consejo.

En septiembre de 1913 la situación se volvió tan grave que Woodrow Wilson, recién nombrado presidente, supuso en riesgo vidas y propiedades de sus connacionales y ordenó rescatar a algunos de ellos del Valle del Yaqui.

En los registros de la Marina de los Estados Unidos aparece una referencia desbalagada que aparentemente no incumbe a los sonorenses.

La cita del libro American Naval History: A Illustrated Chronology of the US Navy and Marine Corps, 1775-Present, es breve y dice: “A detachment a marines from the transport buffalo conducts of evacuation for americans citizens from Ciaris, Mexico, during a period of revolutionary disturbances”.

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Chronology
HISTORY OF THE CAJEME COUNTY REGION
1100 First aborigines arrive and settle their villages on the Yaqui River banks.
1533 First contact between western civilization and the Yaqui Indians. Diego de Guzmán and his Spanish soldiers arrived at the Yaqui region.
1564 Biscayan Francisco de Ibarra fails in his attempt to set up a congregation within the region limits.
1610 Even though the Spanish invaders were defeated in several battles, the Yaquis asked the defeated soldiers for peace, an unusual phenomenon in the history of human race. On April 25th, the Yaqui region is submitted to the Spanish crown dominion.
1617 First Jesuit Missionaries arrive at Hornos. Same Jesuits founded Cocorit.
1619 Buenavista is founded by Jesuit Missionary Martin Burgencio.
1623 Eight Yaqui Indian villages on the edges of the Yaqui River are founded.
1715 El Realito, a mining settlement is founded in the mountain ranges of the region.
1835 Cocorit inhabitants return after several Yaqui uprisings made them fled.
1875 Cajeme, the current Indian chief and his forces attacks again and set Cocorit afire.
1885 Neighbors from El Quiriego and Baroyeca repopulate Cocorit, now under the protection of the Mexican federal army.
1887 Cajeme, the Jefe Yaqui, is shot to death by Porfirio Diaz’ army in Tres Cruces de Chumampaco on April 23. An unusual earthquake was felt in Sonora ten days after.
1898 Esperanza is founded. Streets layout are designed by the recently formed Sonora & Sinaloa Irrigation Company.
1906 Southern Pacific Railroad constructs a railway system connecting Estación Corral, Estación Cajeme (now Ciudad
Obregón), and Fundición with the North of Sonora
1908 Mr. Connant, a Mexican citizen obtains from the federal government a concession to develop thousands of acres into agriculture in the Yaqui Valley.
1910 Compañía Constructora Richardson, S.A. is created and obtains a concession to subdivide and sell farming land.
1911 Mr. Richardson establishes the Yaqui Valley Experiment Station, and starts a growing program of 90 different agricultural crops, evaluating their behavior and yields.
1912 First building, a flag station and a water tower is built in Estación Cajeme. Other warehouses were built by
American settlers Leo Stecken, Henry Griegg, W.A. Ryan and Jimmy Ryan.
1914 Severe rain storms in Southern Sonora, overflows the Yaqui River flooding Cocorit, Esperanza, La Tinajera and other towns. Their inhabitants find refugee in Providencia, a little village known for goat production.
1917 World War ignites in Europe, and several Germans and Yugoslavs land in the Yaqui Valley and stay. Local people accepts them happily and immediatly start agricultural and mechanical activities.
1918 Herman Bruss, a German colonist introduces the first internal combustion tractor and the first thresher combine in the area
1925 Cajeme’s Yaqui Fruit Co. inaugurates a marketing office in Los Angeles at 255 Rivers Building, to distribute Yaqui Valley’s “The Yaqui Chief Brand” vegetables
1926 The first HOLT crawler is purchased by Alvaro Obregon to plow, disc, and float his “Hacienda Nainari”.
1927 The County of Cajeme is founded in November 29. Anderson & Clayton installs a cotton gin.
1928 Local aldermen elect Don Ignacio Ruiz as the first ever Mayor of Cajeme. On July 28, an extraordinary decree stipulates that the town of Cajeme, should be named Ciudad Obregón in consideration of the proven progress attained in the region in recent years by Mexican President Alvaro Obregon, killed July 17.
1934 First modern hospital is built in Esperanza by American doctors, the Reynolds brothers.
1935 The first agrarian repartition in the Yaqui region is decreed by President Cardenas on August 13.
1944 A lost U.S.A.F. B-24 Liberator crashes at the outskirts of the city, guided by the flames of a rice mill spectacular
fire. Crew survived and burnt aircraft.
1947 Two young scientists from the Rockefeller Foundation, Norman Borlaug (the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize) and John Niederhauser (the 1990 World Food Prize) arrived to the Yaqui Valley, introducing several technological research programs.
1952 The Alvaro Obregón Dam, also called Lake Oviachic, are inaugurated by President Miguel Alemán, starting a new booming era in regional agriculture.
1954 Social Security Medical services for the agricultural sector originates in Ciudad Obregón as a pilot plan. Is offered as an integral service later throughout Mexico.
1955 Southern Sonora’s first university, the Justo Sierra Institute of Higher Education is founded. A year later name changes to ITNO, and today is the ITSON.
1958 Ciudad Obregon is paved and Lake Nainari is built, under René Gandara’s term.
1960 First Catholic diocese is established. The first Bishop was José Soledad Torres.
1961 Ciudad Obregon modern airport is inaugurated, with the arrival of a DC-6 from Aeronaves de Mexico
1967 The first jetliner lands in Ciudad Obregón, a DC-9-15 flying from Mexico City to Tucson.
1973 The Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, establishes the Ciudad Obregón Campus, the
second unit of 26 campuses throughout México.
1978 Ciudad Obregón celebrates its 50th jubilee.
1986 First maquiladora Coleman Products, now Yazaki’s ACOSA is installed under Collectron’s Sonora Shelter Plan, hiring 120 direct labor on a 28,000 sq’ building. In January 1997 will have 345,000 sq’ with 3,850 employees.
1991 Lasalle University, México’s Northwest Campus is founded.
1993 Ciudad Obregón Ariport becomes international, customs and immigration and agricultural inspection offices are installed, allowing non-stop private flights from anywhere USA or Canada.
1994 Agricultural water distribuition becomes privatized first time ever at the Yaqui Valley as a national pilot plan, so successful that other agricultural regions follow same concept.
1997 Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Cajeme is founded, with specialties in Mechanical, Electronics and Industrial
Engineering as well as Architecture.
2002 Universidad Tecnológica del Sur de Sonora opened it’s doors with college degrees in Processes of Production, Commercialization, Informatic, Electronics and Automatization.
2002 Ciudad Obregón celebrates it’s 75th Anniversary.
2006 Start Construccion REFINO (Recinto Fiscal del Noroeste) under Eduardo Bours Castelo Goverment (2003-2009).
2008 2008, year Begin Operations the new Software Park: SonoraSoft Union ITSON, Sonora Goverment, Private Iniciative and Others Universities.
2009 29th December 2009, born the Better & more Famous Blog about Ciudad Obregon, Sonora (The Technology City of the Mexico Norwest): https://obson.wordpress.com by Viktor Glez focus on History, Tourism Places, Pictures, Videos, People, and Sonora Rest too.
2010 New Sonora University Unity Open on Summer with some career no offer before on the City.

Source: www.history.com

Sonora, the second largest state in Mexico, is sparsely populated. Mountainous and arid, the region is sunny almost year–round and has little rainfall. Nearly all of Mexico’s copper is produced here.

Did You Know?

Just offshore from Punta Chueca, Sonora, sprawls Isla Tiburón, Mexico’s largest island. Uninhabited by humans, it was made a nature reserve in 1963 by President López Mateos and has the largest diversity of plant and animal species in the Gulf of California. Tiburón is home to a large variety of bird species and reptiles, the desert big horn sheep, bura deer, and desert turtles.

History

Early History
Although architectural evidence suggests that Sonora had permanent settlements as far back as 1500 B.C., the largest known indigenous groups were the Yaquis and the Mayos, who flourished around 1300 A.D. and established agriculture communities. Both groups were territorial and aggressively defended their communities against nomadic tribes that wandered throughout the region. The Yaquis inhabited the eastern part of Sonora near Mar de Cortés, and the Mayos lived primarily in the southern part of the state and established an important cultural center in what is now the city of Guaymas.

Middle History
In 1531, Spanish conquistador Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán founded the city of San Miguel de Culiacán in the region that would eventually become Sinaloa and Sonora. Using the city as a central base, the Spanish launched excursions throughout the area to locate mineral deposits and establish new colonies.

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Cajeme surge como municipio el 29 de noviembre de 1927 en el período del gobernador del Estado, Fausto Topete, mediante la Ley No. 16 expedida por el Congreso del Estado; antes de eso fue comisaría de Cócorit.

La más grande y dinámica de esas comunidades se transformó hace apenas 76 años en lo que hoy es Ciudad Obregón, una ciudad joven orgullosa de su pasado y con visión hacia el futuro.

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A partir de la época revolucionaria el progreso de Cajeme y Ciudad Obregón ha sido constante y sus logros en la actividad e investigación agrícola trascendieron las fronteras de México, cuando el doctor Norman Bourlag, científico dedicado a la genética agrícola, descubrió una nueva variedad de trigo, más productiva y resistente, en lo que se conoció como “La Revolución Verde”, por lo cual fue ganador del Premio Nóbel.

En la actualidad esta región ha diversificado sus actividades económicas y productivas, convirtiéndose en una de las ciudades más modernas y progresivas de México. No obstante, las crisis recurrentes de México han afectado también a Cajeme y a su Valle, lo cual ha presentado, en la época moderna, problemas con su desarrollo económico.

Se puede decir que con la apertura la estación del ferrocarril abre paso una nueva etapa en el desarrollo económico de Obregón.

En la década que va de 1920 a 1930, el asentamiento humano surge alrededor de la estación del ferrocarril, así mismo, adquiere las dimensiones de un pequeño pueblo donde se teje una creciente red de transacciones económicas entre agricultores, ganaderos, comerciantes, obreros y campesinos.

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Ortíz Station, Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, Mexico. A major supply depot and near-fortress during the Mexican Revolution

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Soldiers outside Tío Manuel’s Store, Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, Mexico

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Cajeme on 1910

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Principal Avenue on 1925

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Trucks waiting for Charge on Industry 1924

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Grand Stores on Cajeme 1924

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Imperial Hotel on Construction 1909

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Taked From: http://www.lasculturas.com/aa/vs_EdithYaqui.htm

The Yaquis are a tribe of 30,000 people living in Sonora (northern Mexico) and Arizona (USA). At the turn of the century, thousands of them migrated to Arizona for political reasons.

Their language belong to the ‘Cahitan’ branch of the Uto-Aztecan group. Although we know relatively little about the archaeology of the area, the Yaquis and their ancestors must have practiced irrigation farming for centuries. Their staple crops were corn, beans, and squash; they also hunted and fished. Traditionally they lived on the banks of the Rio Yaqui in small and dispersed settlements, the so-called rancherías. Their country was part of ‘la gran Chichimeca’, the fringe of Meso-America. Because of their geographical isolation, the Yaquis were never conquered by the Toltecs or Aztecs. They probably had a fixed territory with well-defined borders when the Conquistadores arrived.

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