Posts etiquetados ‘North American Free Trade Agreement’


Sonora, the second largest state in Mexico, is sparsely populated. Mountainous and arid, the region is sunny almost year–round and has little rainfall. Nearly all of Mexico’s copper is produced here.

Did You Know?

Just offshore from Punta Chueca, Sonora, sprawls Isla Tiburón, Mexico’s largest island. Uninhabited by humans, it was made a nature reserve in 1963 by President López Mateos and has the largest diversity of plant and animal species in the Gulf of California. Tiburón is home to a large variety of bird species and reptiles, the desert big horn sheep, bura deer, and desert turtles.


Early History
Although architectural evidence suggests that Sonora had permanent settlements as far back as 1500 B.C., the largest known indigenous groups were the Yaquis and the Mayos, who flourished around 1300 A.D. and established agriculture communities. Both groups were territorial and aggressively defended their communities against nomadic tribes that wandered throughout the region. The Yaquis inhabited the eastern part of Sonora near Mar de Cortés, and the Mayos lived primarily in the southern part of the state and established an important cultural center in what is now the city of Guaymas.

Middle History
In 1531, Spanish conquistador Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán founded the city of San Miguel de Culiacán in the region that would eventually become Sinaloa and Sonora. Using the city as a central base, the Spanish launched excursions throughout the area to locate mineral deposits and establish new colonies.