Posts etiquetados ‘Topolobampo’

Posición destacada a nivel nacional y mundial.- Cerca del 50% de la producción nacional de  minerales se origina en Sonora.- Es el principal productor de cobre, molibdeno, grafito, wollastonita y carbón antracítico.

Sonora es el estado minero de México; tiene en esta industria una de sus mayores riquezas, ya que siendo una actividad primaria que dio origen a los principales centros de población de la antigüedad y que fueron la base sólida del Sonora moderno, actualmente la producción de algunos minerales metálicos y no metálicos le otorgan el liderazgo nacional, constituyendo importantes fuentes de empleo y derrama económica.

mineria_sonora_mexico_2

Sonora es el segundo estado más grande de México (184,934 km2, el 9.2% del territorio nacional) donde la minería ha sido y sigue siendo motor de desarrollo, ya que existen cerca de 3 mil 700 concesiones mineras ubicadas a lo largo y ancho de la geografía, que amparan una superficie cercana al 20% del total del territorio estatal.

La naturaleza ha brindado a Sonora una riqueza extraordinaria en lo que respecta a minerales, porque es en Sonora donde el cobre, el oro y la plata, entre otros minerales, se encuentran de manera pródiga; sólo en Sonora, por ejemplo, se extraen grafito, wollastonita, carbón antracítico y molibdeno, de los que aporta el 100% de la producción nacional.

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Sonora será punta de lanza para el primer y único puerto de cruceros mexicanos conocidos como “Home Port” que se hará realidad en Puerto Peñasco, lo que detonará el turismo y los empleos en esa región, aseguró el Gobernador Guillermo Padrés.

Con más de mil islas en el mar de Cortes además de destinos como Guaymas, Topolobampo, la Paz, Mazatlán, los Cabos, el proyecto va encaminado a convertirse en un polo de desarrollo turístico para el noroeste de México.

Va muy avanzado en sus estudios y permisos; con mucha viabilidad, sería el primero y único crucero cien por ciento mexicano.

Estamos emocionados que sea aquí en Sonora, comentó en entrevista, el jefe del Ejecutivo tras inaugurar el VII Foro de la Coparmex.

El proyecto integral tiene un costo de alrededor de mil millones de pesos y en el participarían Sonora, Baja California, Baja California Sur y Sinaloa como región colindante con el mar de Cortes.

El “Home Port” de Puerto Peñasco ya fue presentado al Presidente Felipe Calderón, a la Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes y está en la fase de concluir los estudios técnicos de impacto ambiental y económico para toda la región.

En ese sentido el Gobernador de Sonora manifestó su optimismo del impacto económico que tendrá este proyecto no sólo para Sonora sino para Puerto Peñasco.

Con mercados atractivos al turismo de cruceros como Arizona, California y Nevada además del mercado nacional, no se tiene duda del éxito económico que traerá a la entidad el puerto de cruceros.

El Gobernador comentó que el proyecto de obra física podría iniciar en cuanto se concluyan los esquemas y las corridas financieras a cargo del gobierno federal, ya sean a través de la Cofetur o de la SCT.

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La Batalla Naval de Topolobampo: Tampico vs Guerrero

Fascinante articulo sobre el incidente naval probablmente mas significativo durante la Revolucion Mexicana. Esta es la version ocular del oficial a cargo del destructor Americano USS Prindle, que solamente se limito a tomar datos sobre el encuentro.

THE CAREER OF THE MEXICAN GUNBOAT TAMPICO
By J. H. Klein, Jr.

The Mutiny

At the beginning of the year 1914 there were three Mexican gunboats on the west coast of Mexico, namely, the Guerrero, Morelos and Tampico, all under Federal control.

On February 22, 1914 (Sunday), at Guaymas, Mexico, about 8 PM, while about half the officers and men were ashore, the executive officer (Lieutenant Malpica), the paymaster (Rebatet), and two engineer officers (Johnson and Estrada) took charge of the crew of the Tampico, arrested the captain and the chief engineer, and announced that the Tampico would henceforth be under the control of the Constitutionalists, or the Rebels. The captain and the chief engineer were told that if they made no resistance they would not be harmed, and would, at the first opportunity, be turned over to the Federals. The mutiny, therefore, was accomplished without violence or bloodshed.

The Tampico immediately left Guaymas and stood to the northward intending to ram the Guerrero. Fortunately for the Guerrero, the Tampico’s steering gear broke down and she then turned around to the southward and proceeded to Topolobampo, Sinaloa, arriving there on February 24. The captain and the chief engineer were then placed aboard the SS Herrerias, and sent to Mazatlan, which at that time was in Federal hands.

* Nothing has heretofore been written concerning the career of the Tampico except the official reports from vessels stationed on the western Mexican coast at that time. It was my intention at first to compile an official report of her operations, but the tale seemed so interesting that the “compilation” gradually became a “story.” The official reports of Admiral T. B. Howard (commander-in-chief), Commander G. B. Bradshaw (commanding Yorktown), and Commander N. E. Irwin (commanding New Orleans) were consulted and the data derived there from were used in producing the following story which is of historical value because of its accuracy.

The exact cause of the mutiny is not known. Various vague stories have been circulated concerning the true reasons therefore, but no one seems to know which, if any, of these may be true. One story has it that the Federals owed the crew 4000 pesos. Another story was told to the effect that Malpica had strutted the streets of Guaymas with a lady of questionable character (some say she was the captain’s mistress) and as a punishment the captain sentenced Malpica to be reprimanded and to perform temporary duty with the army at the front. In order to avoid this sentence he was said to have hatched out the mutiny. By common repute the Tampico had been a very “gay” ship in her day, and I was told that frequently week-end parties had taken place at which both sexes were present aboard ship for several days at a time.

Operations at Topolobampo

On March 2, 7:00 AM, the Guerrero, commanded by Capitan de Navio Torres, arrived off Topolobampo from Guaymas, and anchored outside the bar. At 10.30 AM the next day the Morelos arrived from Mazatlan, and anchored near the Guerrero.

At 9:37 AM, March 4, the Tampico was observed standing down from Topolobampo. The Guerrero immediately got under way and opened fire as she entered the channel. The Morelos got under way as soon as practicable and followed along astern of the Guerrero. As soon as the Tampico cleared Shell Point she returned the Guerrero’s fire, whereupon the Guerrero stopped, backed out of the channel, and presented her broadside to the Tampico. At that time the Morelos was about 800 yards beyond the Guerrero away from the Tampico. The firing continued until 10:05 AM during which time the Guerrero fired about 20 shells, the Morelos about six, and the Tampico 14, at a range of 8000- 9000 yards. The firing of the Guerrero and of the Morelos was very wild. Comparatively speaking, the Tampico fired fairly well. Of her shots one was spotted 50 yards short, one 50 yards over, and one slightly to the left. At the conclusion of this brief engagement, the Tampico returned to Topolobampo and the Guerrero and the Morelos anchored outside, oft’ the bar. No damage was done to any of the vessels. At that time the Tampico was said to have had about 70 tons of coal and about eight hundred 4-inch shells remaining on hand. At 8:40 PM the same day the Morelos left for Guaymas to coal and provision, returning to Topolobampo on March 9.

On March 13, at 8:50 AM, the Tampico again stood out; the Guerrero and Morelos getting under way as soon as possible. The Guerrero opened fire at 9 o’clock. As soon as the Tampico cleared Shell Point, she opened fire on the Morelos, her first shell landing about 20 yards short, range 9000-10,000 yards. The Morelos returned the fire and began retreating to the southwestward, on which course she would have put the USS New Orleans in direct line of fire between herself and the Tampico. The Tampico then shifted her fire to the Guerrero and the Guerrero adopted the tactics of the Morelos. The New Orleans, of course, shifted berth as soon as possible. All firing ceased at 9:12, the Guerrero having fired 13 shells, the Morelos nine, and the Tampico six, at a range of 9000-10,000 yards, and no hits were made. It was again noted, however, that the gunnery of the Tampico was considerably better than that of either the Guerrero or the Morelos. The Tampico returned to Topolobampo while the Guerrero and Morelos anchored outside of the bar considerably to the southward of their previous anchorage. The Morelos left for Altata on March 30.

At 4:32 PM on March 31, the Tampico was again reported standing out. The commanding officer of the Guerrero, who was at that time returning an official call on the captain of the American cruiser, quickly returned to the Guerrero and got her under way immediately. The Guerrero took up a position off the channel broadside toward the Tampico. About 5:30 PM, when the Tampico had reached a position abreast Shell Point, she opened fire on the Guerrero at a range of 9000 yards, and was immediately answered. About 6 PM the Tampico headed straight for the Guerrero, going right on over the bar until she grounded below the entrance. By 6:15 she managed to get off the bar and headed northwest, straight for the Guerrero. The Guerrero retreated but continued firing. At 6:30 the Tampico came about and headed back toward the harbor. Both vessels ceased firing at 6:40 because of darkness, the Guerrero anchoring off the bar while the Tampico proceeded on inside above Shell Point. During this engagement the Tampico fired both her 4-inch guns and one 6-pounder, while the Guerrero used her six 4-inch. The firing on both sides was very wild. The range varied from 9000 to 2000 yards. The Tampico fired about 160 shells (4-inch and 6-pounder) and the Guerrero fired 162 4-inch shells, of which 20 were shrapnel and the rest armor-piercing. Malpica later on told one of our officers that the Tampico had been hit seven times during this fight, as follows: Two 4-inch shells passed through the officers’ quarters under the poop, one 4-inch shell hit amidships near the water-line, four 4-inch shells entered the bow, one of which struck below the water-line and the other three hit near the water-line. There were no injuries to her personnel. The hits were stated by Malpica to have been made during the period while the Tampico was swinging around on the bar. Later on it was discovered that the Tampico had sunk inside the channel above Shell Point. The Guerrero was struck three times during this engagement; one 4-inch shell, armor-piercing, entered the star-board side of the berth-deck but did not explode, one 6-pounder landed on the skid frames amidships but did not explode, while another shell, either a 4-inch or a 6-pounder, cut a stanchion on the bridge. None of the crew on the Guerrero were killed, but a few suffered minor injuries. On April 10 one of our officers inspected the Tampico and reported that she was aground, heading out, inside Shell Point on the south side of the channel with water covering her entire main-deck. The two 4-inch guns were still aboard as was one of the 6-pounders in the waist, all the other guns having been sent ashore for use with the army. She still had 600 rounds of 4-inch ammunition left, most of which was under water.

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El Mar de Cortés será promovido como un nuevo producto turístico integral para la industria naviera, y este proyecto contempla la construcción de un puerto de salida o “home port” y la consolidación de más destinos en ambas costas para los cruceristas, informó Javier Tapia Camou, coordinador general de Fomento al Turismo del Gobierno estatal.

Durante una reunión con la titular de la Secretaría federal de Turismo, Gloria Guevara Manzo, el funcionario sonorense presentó los estudios técnicos y de viabilidad para habilitar en Puerto Peñasco el Home Port del Mar de Cortés, así como la propuesta de crear una ruta en este lugar conocido también como el acuario del mundo, que se caracterizaría por ser innovadora e incluir la posibilidad de conocer y visitar cuatro estados y más de 100 islas diferentes.

Tapia Camou explicó que Sonora, Sinaloa, Baja California y Baja California Sur han acordado formar un bloque para ofrecer al mercado de cruceros esta opción, que además de contar con atractivos naturales, infraestructura turística y experiencia, la inclusión de una ruta en el Mar de Cortés representaría el fortalecimiento de la actividad turística, la atracción de inversiones y una mayor derrama económica en beneficio de todos.

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A principios del Mes de Noviembre del 2009 se realizó con gran éxito el Segundo “FAM TRIP TURÍSTICO” para los principales Medios de Comunicación de Hermosillo, Guaymas y Puerto Peñasco, un proyecto de la “Asociación Mexicana de Hoteles y Moteles de Sonora”, presidida por Eduardo Lemmen Meyer González en coordinación con las “Oficinas de Convenciones y Visitantes” de los destinos (OCVS), en este caso la de Puerto Peñasco, cuyo presidente es Óscar Palacio Soto.

Un completo recorrido de tres días que contempló entre otras cosas, una visita al “Hotel Altar Inn” del municipio de Altar, donde se realizó una rueda de prensa con los propietarios y el presidente de la OCV de Caborca, Carlos Vanegas quienes explicaron a los comunicadores las riquezas naturales que se tienen en toda la Ruta de las Misiones del Padre Kino, así como los tres tours que 17 guías expertos ofrecen a los turistas en los que se pueden practicar diversas actividades como el ecoturismo y conocer más de cerca sobre turismo cultural y los productos artesanales.

Posteriormente se dirigieron a Puerto Peñasco, siendo el “Hotel Playa Bonita Resort” el anfitrión que los recibió con un desayuno para después dirigirse al nuevo “Centro de Visitantes de El Pinacate”, inaugurado en el mes de septiembre, donde se pudo disfrutar de una interesante plática sobre esta reserva natural protegida cuya superficie se extiende a 700 mil hectáreas y que comprende 10 volcanes y una extensa diversidad biológica de especies, considerada como una de las 13 maravillas naturales de México, localizada en este municipio.

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